Übersetzung im Kontext von „feline“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Devilish Cat This insatiable feline eats everything she sees. His feline voice was so sweet and high, so innocent. Times, Sunday Times (). Really good for a precise, solid feline flick. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'feline' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und.
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In addition to members of the felid family, it can also affect some members of related families e. Formed within English using elements derived from Greek: pan- a combining form meaning "universal" or "worldwide", -leuco- a combining form meaning in biologic sciences "white blood cell", and -penia a combining form meaning "loss of" or "decrease of".
Thus the word means universal loss of white blood cells. The universal part refers to both its worldwide distribution and to the fact that all species of cats are infected.
The feline panleukopenia virus is considered ubiquitous, meaning it is in virtually every place that is not regularly disinfected.
The infection is highly contagious among unvaccinated cats. Antibodies against FPLV, produced by the adaptive immune system , play an important role in the feline response to the virus.
Maternally-derived antibodies MDA efficiently protect kittens from fatal infection. This passively acquired immunity is later replaced by an active immune response obtained by vaccination or as a consequence of a natural infection.
Free-roaming cats are thought to be exposed to the virus during their first year of life. Those that develop a subclinical infection or survive acute illness mount a robust, long-lasting, protective immune response.
An infected cat sheds large amounts of virus in all body secretions including feces, vomit, urine, saliva, and mucus during the acute phase of illness.
It can continue to shed the virus for as long as 6 weeks after recovery. The virus can be carried or transferred on an infected object such as bedding, food dishes, fur or by other animals, fleas, and humans  see: fomites.
It persists long after evidence of the original body secretion has faded away, and can be transported long distances.
Like all parvoviruses, FPLV is extremely resistant to inactivation and can survive for longer than one year in a suitable environment.
Infection occurs when the virus enters the body through the mouth or nose. Whether illness results or not depends on the immunity in the victim vs.
The clinical manifestations of FPLV are variable based on the dose of the virus, the age of the cat, potential breed predispositions, and prior immunity from maternal antibodies, previous exposure, or vaccination.
Clinical signs usually develop in 4—6 days after exposure, but can show in 2—14 days. Clinical laboratory findings include but are not limited to :  .
Other signs include: fever, loss of skin elasticity due to dehydration, abdominal pain, sternal recumbency with splayed legs and head droop, nasal discharge and conjunctivitis.
Infection in pregnant cats can result in fetal resorption , mummification, abortion, or stillbirth of neonates. A presumptive clinical diagnosis of FPLV can be made for kittens with appropriate signalment, history, clinical findings and the history of no prior vaccination.
The clinical diagnosis is usually supported by documenting parvovirus antigen in feces by ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and PCR polymerase chain reaction assays.
The availability of validated assays varies by country but is becoming more common. These are only approved and licensed for detecting canine parvovirus , but it is generally known that they also detect FPL viral antigen in feline feces.
A majority of infections are subclinical. In cats that do become ill, clinical signs include high fever, profound depression, and anorexia.
Many affected cats vomit, and some develop diarrhea. Only a minority have hemorrhagic diarrhea. Diagnosis is based on compatible clinical findings, including leukopenia, in an inadequately vaccinated kitten.
Fecal antigen detection kits intended for diagnosis of CPV enteritis can also be used to diagnose feline panleukopenia.
The sensitivity is moderate, and specificity is high. Treatment includes fluid, electrolyte, and glucose supplementation; antiemetic therapy; antibiotics; and anthelmintics.
AVMA disease information sheet. Also see pet health content regarding feline panleukopenia. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world.
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Key Points. For More Information. Test your knowledge. Anthrax is a zoonotic disease affecting a broad range of species. Naturally occurring infections can cause illnesses that range from an acute, highly fatal form to a less acute and less serious clinical illness that can also be fatal.
Which of the following species is most likely to develop acute fatal disease with anthrax infection?
More Content. Typically based on clinical signs and leukopenia on a CBC. Supportive care, prompt IV fluid treatment, and antibiotics are the primary treatments.
Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats. Excellent vaccines are available for prevention.
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Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery. Retrovirology: Research and Treatment. Retrieved Virus : Retroviruses.
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