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Situation Positioning
60' Field

A Position

No Runners On Base

   With no runners on base, the base umpire shall position himself/herself approximately 10 to 12 feet behind the 1st baseman with both feet in foul territory. The base umpire's right foot should be just off the foul line, and his/her body should be squared to home plate. Legs should be spread just over shoulder width apart. The base umpire should be in a "ready" set position with both hands on his/her knees as the pitcher is preparing to deliver the ball to the batter.
Should the 1st baseman position himself/herself deeper than normal, the base umpire will similarly back up onto the outfield grass a bit, although the 10 to 12 foot distance may be cut back somewhat so that a proper pivot is still possible on a ball hit to the outfield. Likewise, should the 1st baseman be playing in (shallow), the base umpire will also move up with the 1st baseman, never coming closer than 10 to 12 feet from the 1st base bag. The idea in each of these positions is to have the base umpire in a good position for help on the catch/no catch and fair/foul decisions involving the 1st baseman, while at the same time allowing the fielder adequate room should he/she dive for a ball in the direction of the umpire. This positioning also gives the base umpire room to "recover" and get into position for a play at 1st base should the 1st baseman dive towards the umpire while fielding the ball with a play then following at 1st base. The base umpire must be conscious about these positions so that he/she is never too close nor too far back from the 1st baseman when no one is on base.
When the pitcher is in possession of the ball, the base umpire must keep his/her eyes on the pitcher for any violations of the pitching rules that the pitcher may commit. Then, when the pitcher is into his/her windup and is about ready to deliver the ball, the umpire's head should turn towards the plate, and he/she should then focus on the plate area, being ready to help the home plate umpire with any check swing possibilities, helping with the possibility of the batter being struck by a batted ball and to help the plate umpire with any balls that go out of play that the plate umpire may have trouble locating or tracking.